As discussed in the earlier section, upon successful completion of the IPO process in the primary market, the shares are allotted to the investors and commence trading in the secondary market within a duration of 6 days. The company can decide to list its shares on either the BSE or NSE or both the stock exchanges, which are under the supervision of SEBI. Unlike the primary market participants, there is no involvement of the management or merchant banker or any of the company officials post listing of the shares. However, the management of the company is responsible to provide/declare to the stock exchanges, all materialistic information pertaining to the business of the company, which can influence the stock price and aid in its price discovery on a continuous basis.
While being a well-regulated market, the secondary market facilitates the efficient transaction of the shares between investors, through the intermediaries. These shares are continuously bought and sold by various investors on the trading days of the stock exchanges. Secondary markets comprise of equity as well as debt markets and provide a competent platform for the trading of many financial instruments.
Equity market deals with trading in the shares of listed companies. In earlier times, an open outcry system was followed wherein, floor hand signals were used to communicate the buy and sell of shares. This system limited trading volumes and the efficiency of the trading process. In order to improve this process, an online fully automated Screen Based Trading System (SBTS) was introduced, where the transaction was conducted on a computer, when the buy and sell details matched between two parties. This system revolutionized the process of trading with high response time and reducing the scope for fraud or manipulation at the same time.
The online-based facility can be made available by any of the brokers to any client. For any investor to avail this facility, he/she can approach a broker through an authorized person who can support their requirements. The investor can provide the necessary details through the Know Your Client (KYC) form, and provide documentation to complete the formalities of opening a trading & a demat account.
Upon completion, the investor would be given a trading account and password along with a daily login access code, sent to the assigned mobile number and email ID. The investor can start trading and whenever the delivery of the shares is taken, they will be stored electronically in the assigned Demat Account.
The process of trading, stock price movements, traded volumes and other trading related terminology will be explained in detail in the secondary market chapter.
Secondary Market Terminology26 Lessons
This chapter throws light on the stakeholders in the secondary market, their roles and also basic explanations of concepts which are essential for trading/investing.
Trading Process and its Terminology13 Lessons
Find explanations of basic price related terminologies which are used in trading/investing.
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