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This is a very brief chapter wherein we will talk about things such as Market timing (global and domestic), key trading hours (global and domestic), and list of Indian market holidays pertaining to the currency segment.

Tejas Khoday
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Market timing

Globally speaking, Forex market is a 24 hour, 5 days a week market. The only days when the Forex market remains closed are on weekends, i.e. on Saturday and Sunday. Trading begins on Monday when markets in New Zealand and Australia open. This is followed by the opening of Asian markets, then European markets, and finally the American markets. Towards the end of the American trading hours, New Zealand and Australia begin their session, and this timing cycle continues until the close of American hours on Friday. Broadly speaking, the Forex trading hours for each day can be split into three sessions:

  • The Tokyo session, which is usually active between 5AM IST to 1PM IST

  • The London session, which is usually active between 12PM IST to 9PM IST, and

  • The New York session, which is usually active between 6:00PM IST to 2:00AM IST

The earliest session, which has not been included above, is the New Zealand and the Australian session, which is usually active between 1:30AM IST to 9:30AM IST. However, volumes are relatively thin until the time Tokyo begins trading.

The Indian FX markets, meanwhile, are open between 9AM IST to 5PM IST.


Key trading hours

As stated above, the global FX markets can be split into three parts: the Tokyo session, the London session, and the New York session. The Tokyo session is the session when markets in Asia Pacific are active, the London session is the session when markets in Europe are active, and the New York session is the session when markets in the Americas are active. The key trading hours are when two markets are simultaneously open i.e. when there is an overlap between the trading hours of two sessions. This is also the time period when a lot of economic reports come out, especially from the continent that is starting its session. Volatility and volumes tend to pick up during the time between 12PM IST and 2PM IST (a period when London opens, and a lot of European data come out) and then again between 6PM IST and 8PM IST (a period when New York opens, and a lot of US data come out).

In India too, volumes and volatility tend to be high during the opening one hour, between 12PM to 2PM, and then again during the closing one hour.


Market holidays

Below mentioned is the holiday list for Indian currency markets for the year 2019.

Date Day Details
26-Jan-19 Saturday Republic Day
19-Feb-19 Tuesday Chatrapati Shivaji Jayanti
04-Mar-19 Monday Mahashivratri
21-Mar-19 Thursday Holi
01-Apr-19 Monday Annual Bank Closing
06-Apr-19 Saturday GudiPadwa
13-Apr-19 Saturday Ram Navami
14-Apr-19 Sunday Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar Jayanti
17-Apr-19 Wednesday Mahavir Jayanti
19-Apr-19 Friday Good Friday
29-Apr-19 Monday Parliamentary Elections
01-May-19 Wednesday Maharashtra Day
18-May-19 Saturday Buddha Pournima
05-Jun-19 Wednesday Id-Ul-Fitr (Ramzan ID)
12-Aug-19 Monday Bakri Id
15-Aug-19 Thursday Independence Day
17-Aug-19 Saturday Parsi New Year
02-Sep-19 Monday Ganesh Chaturthi
10-Sep-19 Tuesday Moharram
02-Oct-19 Wednesday Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti
08-Oct-19 Tuesday Dasera
21-Oct-19 Monday General Assembly Elections in Maharashtra
28-Oct-19 Monday Diwali-Balipratipada
10-Nov-19 Sunday Id-E-Milad
12-Nov-19 Tuesday Gurunanak Jayanti
25-Dec-19 Wednesday Christmas

Kindly note that the holidays mentioned above are for the current year (2019) and may change in the future. To stay up to date, we suggest you visit our Holiday Calendar periodically. Alternatively, one can also refer to the circulars that are released by the NSE from time to time regarding market holidays.

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